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Teacher Characteristics and Student Achievement Gains: A Review
Author:  A. Wayne, P. Youngs
Title/Position: SRI International (Wayne), Stanford University (Youngs)
Format:  article
The Exemplar will be most useful for: Supporting Teacher Leaders at Your School
Wayne and Youngs review and synthesize research that examines the relationship between student achievement and teacher characteristics. Specifically, the researchers focus on college ratings, degrees and coursework, and certification status.

Wayne and Youngs found, for example, that teachers’ mathematics degrees affect student achievement. The support is less clear for other subjects, however. Wayne and Youngs also found that teachers with standard mathematics certification outperform those without mathematics-related certification. The authors note that more research is needed to determine the relationship between student achievement and teachers’ college preparation programs and licensure.

While the results suggest that certain teacher characteristics are important, the challenge becomes how best to maximize the expertise of certain teachers while creating supports for other teachers. In both cases, teacher leadership becomes the practical solution that maximizes classroom expertise at the local level.

Citation: Wayne, A. & Youngs, P. (2003). Teacher characteristics and student achievement gains: A review. Review of Education Research. 73(1). 89-122.
Domains: domain 2